How to get rid of aphthous ulcers? How to treat aphthous ulcers? First, let’s find out about aphthous ulcer diagnosis and treatment! Then, is there a cure for aphthous ulcers?
Table of Contents
Aphthous Ulcer Meaning
Aphthous ulcer definition: What is an aphthous ulcer? Aphthous ulcer is the most common type of mouth ulcer. It looks like a painful, punched-out sore on the mouth or genital mucous membranes.
Aphthous Ulcer Causes
What causes aphthous ulcer? Aphthous ulcers are quite prevalent and simple to identify. Although a link with human herpesvirus 6 has been proposed, their cause is yet unknown.
Aphthous Ulcer Diagnosis – Aphthous Ulcer Symptoms
Signs and symptoms of aphthous ulcer – They happen on nonkeratinized mucosa that can move freely (like the buccal and labial mucosa, but not the attached gingiva or palate). They can be single or multiple and usually come back and look like small, painful, round ulcers with yellow-gray fibrinoid centers and red halos around them.
Minor aphthous ulcers have a diameter of less than 1 cm and usually heal in 10 to 14 days. Major aphthous ulcers have a diameter of more than 1 cm and can be so painful that they make it hard to eat or speak. Stress seems to be one of the main things that make aphthous ulcers come out.
A study found that the number of times college students got viral rhinitis and went to bed after 11 PM were good predictors of how often and how bad their aphthous ulcers were.
Aphthous Ulcer Treatment and Management at Home
Treatment of aphthous ulcer – What is the best treatment for aphthous ulcer?
Treatment is hard because no single whole-body treatment has been shown to work. However, many patients feel better after using topical corticosteroids (triamcinolone acetonide, 0.1%, or fluocinonide ointment, 0.05%) in an adhesive base (Orabase Plain).
Diclofenac 3% in hyaluronan 2.5%, doxymycine-cyanoacrylate, mouthwashes with the enzymes amyloglucosidase and glucose oxidase, and amlexanox 5% oral paste are some other topical treatments that have been shown to work in controlled studies. Prednisone (40–60 mg/day) has also been used successfully in a one-week tapering course. Maintenance therapy with cimetidine may help people who keep getting aphthous ulcers. Thalidomide has been used to treat HIV-positive people with recurrent aphthous ulcers.
Ulcerative stomatitis can be caused by erythema multiforme, drug allergies, acute herpes simplex, pemphigus, pemphigoid, epidermolysis bullosa acquisita, bullous lichen planus, Behcet disease, or inflammatory bowel disease. This is one way that squamous cell carcinoma can sometimes show up. Incisional biopsy is used when it’s not clear what’s wrong.
I hope you understand about aphthous ulcer diagnosis and treatment guidelines.