How common are benign nasal tumors? How to treat benign nasal tumors? Let’s find out about benign nasal tumors symptoms and treatment!
Benign Nasal Tumors Symptoms and Treatment
On this occasion, we will discuss the most common benign tumor of the nose.
Nasal Polyps Symptoms
People with allergic rhinitis often have nasal polyps, which are pale, swollen, mucous-covered masses. They can make it hard to breathe through the nose and harder to smell.
Aspirin shouldn’t be given to people with nasal polyps and a history of asthma because it could trigger a severe bronchospasm attack. This is called “triad asthma” (Samter triad). In addition, these people may have an immune response to salicylate.
Nasal Polyps Treatment and Management at Home
Treatment of nasal polyps – What is the best treatment for nasal polyps?
Patients with nasal polyps and chronic rhinosinusitis have a better quality of life when they use topical intranasal corticosteroids. For small polyps, the first treatment of 1-3 months with topical nasal corticosteroids (see the section on allergic rhinitis for specific drugs) is usually successful. It may cut down on the need for surgery. A short course of oral corticosteroids (for example, 21 5-mg tablets of prednisone over six days, starting with 6 tablets (30 mg) on day 1 and decreasing by 1 tablet (5 mg) each day) may also help. However, obstructing polyps may need to be removed surgically if they are large or medical treatment doesn’t work.
This is a simple outpatient procedure for healthy people. However, in cases of recurrent polyposis, polyps in the ethmoid, sphenoid, and maxillary sinuses may need to be removed to provide longer-lasting relief and open up the sinuses. Intranasal corticosteroids should be kept up after a polyp is removed to stop it from returning. The clinician should also consider allergen testing to find the allergen causing the problem and ways to avoid it.
Inverted Papillomas Symptoms
Inverted papillomas are benign tumors that grow on the side of the nose. They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). They show up with a blocked nose on one side and sometimes bleed.
During an anterior rhinoscopy, they are often easy to spot as cauliflower-like growths in or near the middle meatus. However, since squamous cell carcinoma is found in about 10% of inverted or Schneiderian papillomas, it is strongly recommended that they be removed completely. Usually, an endoscopic medial maxillectomy is needed to fix this.
Even though it is rare, a very bad disease may need an open inferior or total maxillectomy to be completely removed. Because recurrence rates for inverted papillomas are as high as 20%, it’s important to keep track of them with clinical and radiologic follow-ups. In addition, the pathologist should carefully look at all of the removed tissue, not just a small piece, to ensure no carcinoma.
I hope you understand benign nasal tumors symptoms and treatment guidelines.