How I cured my tinnitus? How to get rid of tinnitus? Is there a cure for tinnitus? Let’s find out about tinnitus diagnosis and treatment!
Table of Contents
Tinnitus definition: What is tinnitus? Tinnitus is the feeling of hearing sounds when there are no outside noises.
What causes tinnitus? Tinnitus can happen with any hearing loss, and it doesn’t help doctors figure out what’s causing hearing loss. About 15% of the general population has some kind of tinnitus, and the number rises to over 20% in older people.
- Hearing strange sounds in the ear or head.
- Tinnitus that lasts long is often a sign of hearing loss, but not always.
- Normal-hearing people often have short bouts of mild, high-pitched tinnitus that last seconds to minutes.
Audiometry should be ordered to rule out a hearing loss for everyday tinnitus that does not pulsate. For people with one-sided tinnitus and hearing loss who don’t have a clear cause, like noise trauma, an MRI should be done to rule out a retrocochlear lesion like a vestibular schwannoma.
Patients with pulsatile tinnitus should consider MRA, MRV, and CT of the temporal bone to rule out a vascular lesion or sigmoid sinus abnormality as the cause.
Signs and symptoms of tinnitus – Even though tinnitus is often linked to hearing loss, the severity of tinnitus doesn’t correlate well with the amount of hearing loss.
About 1 in 7 people with tinnitus is very annoyed by it, and 4% are severely disabled by it. When tinnitus is severe and lasts for a long time, it can make it hard to sleep and focus, which can cause a lot of emotional stress.
Tonal tinnitus should be distinguished from pulsatile tinnitus, which people often say sounds like hearing their heartbeat. Pulsatile tinnitus is often caused by conductive hearing loss. Still, it could signify something much more serious, like a glomus tumor, venous sinus stenosis, carotid vaso-occlusive disease, arteriovenous malformation, or aneurysm.
On the other hand, staccato “clicking” tinnitus can be caused by middle ear muscle spasm, which is sometimes linked to palatal myoclonus. As a result, the patient usually hears a rapid series of popping sounds that last a few seconds to a few minutes and feel like their ears are fluttering.
Tinnitus Treatment and Management at Home
Treatment of tinnitus – How to treat tinnitus? What is the best treatment for tinnitus? The best way to treat tinnitus is to avoid loud noises, ototoxic substances, and other things that can damage the cochlea.
Some people find relief when they listen to music or use a hearing aid to make normal sounds louder.
Oral antidepressants, like nortriptyline taken orally at bedtime at a starting dose of 50 mg, have worked the best out of all the drugs that have been tried. In addition to masking techniques, people with symptoms that don’t go away may find habituation techniques, such as tinnitus retraining therapy, helpful.
I hope you understand tinnitus diagnosis and treatment guidelines.