What are NGOs and their functions? What is the meaning of NGO? Let’s find out!
What are NGOs, and what do they do?
Define NGO: The World Bank describes NGOs as private groups that pursue activities to relieve suffering, promote the interests of the poor, preserve the environment, provide essential social services, or conduct community development.
A nongovernmental organization (NGO) is any local, national, or international group of volunteers that is not for profit. It is a group of people who work together but are not part of the government. They usually give money or work on social or political issues.
Many NGOs in the world are active in the traditional social sectors, such as emergency aid, rehabilitation, reducing poverty, improving the health of mothers and children, planning for families, and educating people. But most aren’t registered, are small, and get their money from charitable donations.
What areas do NGOs act in
Needs of the poor: giving them food, clothes, or medicine; giving them a place to live, transportation, schools, etc.
Providing health, family planning, or educational services in which the NGO designs the program and participants are expected to participate in its implementation and service.
Characterized by self-help initiatives when locals participate actively in project implementation by donating money, equipment, land, resources, labor, etc.
The goal is to help poor people understand how social, political, and economic factors affect their lives and to make them more aware of how they might be able to change them.
Types of NGOs
Some examples are sports clubs, groups for women, groups for the neighborhood, religious groups, and educational groups.
Includes organizations such as chambers of commerce and industry, corporate alliances, ethnic or educational groups, and community organizations associations.
Includes Red Cross, YMCA/YWCA, professional, and other organizations. Some of these have state and municipal branches and aid local non-profit organizations.
For example, Ford Foundation, Rockefeller Foundation, Redda Barna and Save the Children organizations, CARE, OXFAM, etc.
Advantages and disadvantages of NGOs
What are the advantages and disadvantages of NGOs?
Nongovernmental organizations advantage
- Small-scale projects; are less bureaucratic, can be customized to meet the needs of each community, have more community involvement, and have a higher success rate.
- Less pressure from political change
- A more “human” face
Why are NGOs not effective?
- It can be ineffective because there isn’t enough coordination.
- Hard to control and sometimes not transparent or accountable.
- There could be a lack of legitimacy.
- Constant funding problems
As can be seen in many aspects of our life, nongovernmental organizations are increasingly bridging the gap between expectations from the government authority and the actual implementation. However, to be more effective, NGOs must have a mission, a game plan, and a reliable mechanism to carry out the strategy.
I hope you understand about what are NGOs meaning and examples.